What is behavior analysis?
When people think of behavior analysis, they typically think of the old fashioned mouse and water experiment. Behavior analysis has come a long way over the years, and the principle behind that study has only strengthened and evolved over time. Today, behavior analysis simply refers to the science of behavior. The idea is to improve the human condition through behavior change.This can be applied across populations of individuals, and is primarily used within the educational setting and behavioral health treatment setting.
Behaviorism, which may also be known as behavior psychology, looks at the behavior as a response to environmental stimuli. Within behaviorism, we utilize classical and operant conditioning as a means to learn new behaviors. An important thing to remember from this specific branch is the idea that this focuses on the ways in which environmental factors influence behavior.
Experimental Behavior Analysis
Experimental behavior analysis is a process of analysis that allows us to predict and control behaviors through operant conditioning techniques by establishing functions relations between antecedents and behaviors.This specific approach is both inductive and data-driven by nature.
Applied Behavior Analysis
The process of applied behavior analysis begins with assessing the functional relationship between a targeted behavior and the environment. This specific applied science is devoted to developing certain procedures to produce observable behavior changes. Some of the key components of this scientific approach include understanding the following components: environment, reinforcement, punishment, and extinction. It is also important to note some of the most commonly used interventions within ABA which include: task analysis, chaining, prompting, fading, generalization, and shaping.
Behavior Analysis in the Field
The use of ABA services are primarily used in the field of working with individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities. Specific times when ABA becomes a necessity include when an individual has deficits in adaptive behaviors, has slow rates of learning, and have behavior disorders that interfere with learning, or if they have behavior disorders that place themselves or others at risk.
Now that you have a better understanding of all of the wonderful things that behavior services entail, there is nothing stopping you from enriching the lives of anyone you know who is struggling. ABA services are widely available, all it takes is reaching out getting the process going!
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